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    Understanding Romans 9, Part 2, Why Does God Show Mercy or Harden?

    By Grant Hawley Introduction If you haven’t seen part 1 of this series, please check it out here. In it, we looked at the context and theme of Romans 9, and in this article, we will look at why God hardens some and shows mercy to others. Romans 9 teaches us that God hardens some people and shows mercy to others. Calvinism says that God does this as a sovereign decree without consideration of any response or activity on the part of human beings. This Calvinistic doctrine is called Unconditional Election, and it forms the U of the TULIP acronym. Romans teaches us why God hardens some and shows mercy…

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    Understanding Romans 9, Part 1, Context and Theme

    Introduction There are a lot of passages in Scripture that people intentionally avoid. Usually it is because they have an idea about what it says, and they don’t like that idea. Romans 9 is one of those passages, and there are a lot of jokes at the expense of non-Calvinists because of it. Calvinists use it as a proof text for the idea that God unconditionally predestined some to salvation and some to damnation. It says things like, “He has mercy on whom He wills, and whom He wills He hardens,” and that is assumed to mean that God chooses individuals for each from eternity past and without conditions.